Ariana Afghan Airlines

Ariana Afghan Airlines Co. Ltd. (en persa: هواپیمایی آریانا&nbsp runners belts with water bottles;, en pastún, آريانا افغان هوايي شرکت), también conocida como Ariana, es la aerolínea más grande de Afganistán y sirve al país como aerolínea nacional. Fundada en 1955, Ariana es la aerolínea más antigua de Afganistán. La compañía tiene su base principal en Aeropuerto Internacional de Kabul, desde donde opera a nivel nacional, y también proporciona conexiones internacionales que enlazan a Afganistán con China, Alemania, India, Irán, Pakistán, Rusia, Arabia Saudí y Turquía. Tiene su sede en Shāre Naw, Kabul, y es propiedad total del gobierno afgano.

Ariana Afghan Airlines ha estado en la lista de compañías aéreas prohibidas en la Unión Europea desde octubre de 2006.

Destinos de Ariana Afghan Airlines (a agosto de 2014):

La flota de Ariana Afghan Airlines se compone de las siguientes aeronaves, a agosto de 2014:

Ariana operó el siguiente equipamiento a lo largo de su historia:

De acuerdo a Aviation Safety Network, hasta octubre 2012 Ariana Afghan ha pérdido 19 aviones involucrados en 13 eventos aluminum water bottles safe, siete de ellos mortales. Las víctimas ascendieron a 154. La siguiente lista incluye los incidentes que condujeron a al menos una víctima mortal, dando lugar a la pérdida de la aeronave en cuestión, o ambos.

Project Runway All Stars

Project Runway All Stars is a spin-off of Project Runway

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, featuring designers from Project Runway. The show has run for 5 seasons. Angela Lindvall and Carolyn Murphy have each hosted one season, and the last three seasons have been hosted by Alyssa Milano. As on the regular Project Runway, the designers are judged by the host, two permanent judges and 1-2 guest judges. The permanent All Stars judges has been the designers Isaac Mizrahi and Georgina Chapman. Joanna Coles mentored the designers in the first two seasons and Zanna Roberts Rassi mentored in the last three season.

In May 2016, Lifetime renewed Project Runway All Stars for two more seasons (six and seven) in a deal with The Weinstein Company.

There have been 5 seasons of All Stars

Lifetime’s first season of Project Runway All Stars consisted of twelve one-hour episodes featuring 13 past contestants competing in a series of challenges. The airdate was set for November 3, 2011, but was pushed back to January 5, 2012 glass water. The season was hosted by Angela Lindvall and the recurring judges were fashion designers Isaac Mizrahi and Georgina Chapman. The winner was Mondo Guerra.

The second season of All-Stars began airing October 25, 2012. Carolyn Murphy replaced Angela Lindvall as host, while Isaac Mizrahi and Georgina Chapman were back for Season 2 as judges. Season 2 also featuring 13 designers, and Anthony Ryan Auld was the winner best water bottle for sports.

It was announced in June 2013 that a third All Stars season was in the works with Alyssa Milano as the host. Isaac Mizrahi and Georgina Chapman were also returning as judges. Zanna Roberts Rassi, the senior fashion editor for Marie Claire, joined this season as the mentor. The season started production in late June 2013, and premiered on October 24, 2013. Mary Kay Cosmetics is the supplier for all makeup used by the designers for this season, and it is their first time to be featured on the series.[citation needed]. Seth Aaron Henderson was the winner among 11 participating designers.

Reports of a fourth season of All Stars, once again hosted by Milano, were confirmed on social media by Nicole “Snooki” Polizzi, who served as a guest judge. The cast of 14 designers was revealed on September 16, with a premiere date set for October 30, 2014. Dmitry Sholokhov was the winner.

The fifth season of All Stars premiered in the beginning of 2016. Alyssa Milano returned as host as well as Isaac Mizrahi, Georgina Chapman and Zanna Roberts Rassi. Season 5 features 13 designers, and Dom Streater was the winner.

Vasai-Virar

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Inde

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Géolocalisation sur la carte : Maharashtra

Vasai-Virar (en marathi: वसई-विरार, en वसई-विरार महानगरपालिका ) est une ville de l’état du Maharashtra en Inde.

Vasai-Virar fait partie de la Région métropolitaine de Mumbai. La population de Vasai-Virar est de 1 221 233 habitants en 2011. Vasai-Virar, distante de 50 km de Mumbai, est située sur la rive nord de la crique de Vasai qui est l’estuaire du fleuve Ulhas. Créée en 2009, par regroupement de plusieurs villes indépendantes (dont Virar), la ville de Vasai-Virar correspond à peu près à l’antique ville de Sopara.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

David Marwell

David G. Marwell (* 1951) ist ein amerikanischer Historiker und der derzeitige Direktor des Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York. Er wurde im Fach neuerer und neuester Geschichte an der State University of New York in Binghamton promoviert.

Vor seiner Arbeit im United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C milton stainless steel water bottle. war Marwell von 1988 bis 1994 Direktor des Document Center in Berlin und dann ausführender Direktor des JFK Assassination Records Review Board.

Außerdem wirkte er als Chief of Investigative Research im Office of Special Investigations des Justizministeriums der Vereinigten Staaten. In dieser Position war Marwell verantwortlich für die Durchführung von historischer und forensischer Forschung zur Unterstützung der Strafverfolgung nationalsozialistischer Kriegsverbrecher, unter anderem Klaus Barbie und Josef Mengele football shirts 4 u. Er wurde zu mehreren Prozessen gegen Kriegsverbrecher als Sachverständiger und Berater für die Regierungen von Kanada und Australien herangezogen. Daneben war er Mitglied der Interagency Working Group for Nazi War Criminal Documents.

Gymnopilus maritimus

Gymnopilus maritimus is a fungus species of the family Cortinariaceae first collected in northern Sardinia, Italy, in 2006. The species produces moderately sized, sturdy mushrooms of a reddish-orange colour. The cap, which can measure up to 70 millimetres (3 in) across, is covered in orange fibrils, and sometimes has small scales. The yellowish stem measures up to 110 mm (4 in) in length by 8 mm (0.3 in) in width, and sometimes shows remnants of the partial veil. The mushrooms have thick gills of a variable colour, ranging from yellow to rust but staining darker, and the yellow flesh has a mild taste. The mushrooms leave a rusty-brown spore print, while the spores themselves measure from 7.5–11.5 micrometres (0 football shorts and socks sale.00030–0.00045 in) in length. The species is most similar in appearance to G. arenophilus and G. fulgens, but can be differentiated from both morphologically. Despite the similarities, it is not closely related to either, suggesting convergent evolution. Instead, within the genus Gymnopilus, it is most closely related to the spectabilis–imperialis clade. However, it is not particularly similar to any of its closest relatives.

The species has been found only on coastal sand dunes near Olbia, in Sardinia, where it was observed growing at the base of Juncus maritimus (the sea rush), between the winter months of October and January. However, there is speculation that it may also grow elsewhere in Europe. Mushrooms were seen growing from both the sandy soil and decaying plants; however, as a saprotrophic feeder, it is possible that the species would be able to grow on other substrates. The mushrooms grow in close groups or tight tufts.

Gymnopilus underwoodii

Gymnopilus validipes

Gymnopilus flavus

Gymnopilus imperialis

Gymnopilus spectabilis

Gymnopilus maritimus

Gymnopilus maritimus was first described by mycologists Laura Guzmán-Dávalos (a specialist in Gymnopilus), Antonio Ortega, Marco Contu and Alfredo Vizzini in 2009 in an article in the journal Mycological Progress. The description was based on several specimens collected during field work by Contu in Sardinia between January 2006 and January 2007; the holotype was collected on 15 January 2006. The discovery has contributed to Sardinia’s reputation as an area of mycological significance. The description was later published in Italian by Contu and Vizzini in the journal Micologia e Vegetazione Mediterranea, along with the description of G. purpuresquamulosus, because the original descriptions of both of these species were in English, and difficult for non-specialists to obtain. The specific epithet maritimus refers to the typical habitat of coastal sand dunes, on sandy soil or decomposing Juncus maritimus. The holotype has been deposited in the University of Granada’s herbarium.

Within the genus Gymnopilus, it is located in the subgenus Gymnopilus and section Macrospori. The subgenus Gymnopilus was proposed by Henri Romagnesi as Cortinatae (while the genus was known as Fulvidula) in 1942, though the name Gymnopilus was given later by Rolf Singer. The subgenus is characterised by mushrooms that feature either no veils, or veils that do not form rings. The section Macrospori, proposed by Guzmán-Dávalos in 1995, is made up of large-spored species with ringless mushrooms. Molecular analysis revealed that G. maritimus forms a sister group to (that is, shares an immediate common ancestor with) the spectabilis–imperialis clade, a clade that includes G. imperialis, G. spectabilis, G. junonius (often considered synonymous with G. spectabilis), G. pampeanus, and others. G. maritimus forms a more inclusive clade along with the members of spectabilis–imperialis; while it produces the smallest fruit bodies, it shares with the other members strong, sturdy mushrooms, caps with fibrils (sometimes with scales) and large, warty spores that turn red in Melzer’s reagent or Lugol’s iodine.

hymenium is adnate

Gymnopilus maritimus mushrooms have a cap of between 15 and 70 millimetres (0.6 and 3&nbsp how to tenderize beef steak;in) in width that is convex to flattened-convex in shape. There is sometimes a broad umbo, and in older specimens, the cap is depressed in the centre. The margin of the cap is somewhat wavey. The cap surface is dry and dull, coloured red to red-orange, and yellow towards the margin. It is covered in fibrils of an orange colour, and sometimes has minute scales. The dried cap turns blackish-red when potassium hydroxide is applied. The stem is 35 to 110 mm (1 to 4 in) in length by 4 to 8 mm (0.2 to 0.3 in) in width. It is attached centrally to the cap, and is either completely cylindrical, with equal thickness throughout its length, or slightly narrower towards the base, where whitish or cream mycelia are sometimes visible. It is dry, with fibres and furrows. It is a yellowish colour, bruising reddish brown. Traces of the partial veil are sometimes visible on the stem, though it does not form a ring. The yellow (brown at the bottom of the stem) flesh can be up to 15 mm (0.6 in) thick in the cap and does not bruise. It dries dark brown. There is no distinctive odour, and the taste is mild or slightly bitter. The thick gills can be adnate (connected to the stem by the entire depth of the gill) or sinuate (wavy, with the gills becoming shallower then deeper). They are subdistant (neither close nor distant) and swollen in the middle. In colour, they are yellow in the youngest mushrooms, turning an ochre-orange, while the oldest mushrooms they are rust. The gill edges are paler than the faces, and the gills stain orange-brown or darker. No reference is made in the original description to the edibility of the mushrooms.

Gymnopilus maritimus leaves a rusty-brown spore print. The basidiospores can measure 7.5–11.5 micrometres (0.00030–0.00045 in) in length, though the typical range is 8–10.5 micrometres (0.00031–0.00041 in). In width, they typically measure 5.5–7.5 micrometres (0.00022–0.00030 in), but they can be up to 8 μm wide. In shape, they are ellipsoid or sometimes broadly ellipsoid. The top of the spore (the side where it was once attached to the sterigma, the connection between the basidium and the spore) is rounded and blunt. The spores are covered with fairly large warts, measuring from 0.5–2 micrometres (2.0×10−5–7.9×10−5 in) from the main spore in height. There is no germ pore or plage, and there is no clear depression around the hilum (the area where the spore was attached to the sterigma). The spores turn an orange-yellow to orange-brown colour in potassium hydroxide, and turn reddish-brown in Melzer’s reagent and in Lugol’s iodine, but they are not metachromatic.

The four-spored basidia typically measure 24–35 micrometres (0.00094–0.00138 in) in length by 7–9 micrometres (0.00028–0.00035 in) in width, but can be as much as 10.5 μm wide. They are club-shaped, but narrower in the middle. They are hyaline (translucent) and yellow to yellowish brown. The sterigmata are between 1.6 and 7 μm long. The cheilocystidia (cystidia on the edge of the gill) are typically 30 to 42 (though sometimes as much as 50) μm long by 6–10.5 micrometres (0.00024–0.00041 in) wide. They are shaped like a flask or wine-skin. The top of the cell suddenly widens, and the cell as a whole is thin-walled, hyaline and yellowish, and sometimes appears to contain small grains. The caulocystidia (cystidia on the stem) can be found in tufts at the top of the stem, and measure from 24–60 micrometres (0.00094–0.00236 in) by 3–9 micrometres (0.00012–0.00035 in). They are cylindrical, or narrowly flask-shaped, sometimes with a long neck. They are, again, yellow and hyaline.

The yellowish hyphae are between 15 and 13.5 μm wide with a wall of variable thickness. There are clamp connections at the septa (the walls dividing individual hypha cells). The flesh in the cap is radial, and is made up of yellowish hyphae of between 2.4 and 20 μm wide. The pileipellis, the outermost layer of hyphae, forms a cutis, and on older specimens (and on the small scales) forms a trichoderm.

There are five species similar in appearance to G. maritimus: G. arenophilus, G. decipiens, G. flavus, G. fulgens and G. pseudofulgens. G. arenophilus and particularly G. fulgens are the most similar. Though G. maritimus and G. arenophilus show similarities in their biogeography and ecology, the typically slightly smaller G. arenophilus differs from G. maritimus morphologically best handheld running bottle. While G. maritimus has a cap covered in fibrils with small scales, G. arenophilus can sometimes be completely smooth, and spore ornamentation differs, with G. maritimus typically displaying larger warts. Like G. maritimus, G. fulgens has been recorded growing on sand-dune heathland; further, the spores are similar in appearance to those of G. maritimus. However, G. fulgens requires soil rich in peat and must grow among moss. Moreover, there are a number of morphological differences; G. maritimus mushrooms are larger and thicker, there are never remains of the partial veil on G. fulgens stems, the shape of the top of the spores differs between the two species, and the cheilocystidia and caulocystidia are significantly larger on G. maritimus. G. fulgens var. luteicystis is even more distinct from G. maritimus than the nominate variety. Despite the similarities between the three species, the three have been shown to be in different clades within Gymnopilus, suggesting ecological convergence between G. arenophilus and G. maritimus, and morphological convergence between G. fulgens and G. maritimus.

Gymnopilus flavus, despite also appearing on land near the Mediterranean, can be differentiated from G. maritimus as it lives among grass, especially Dactylis glomerata, and it has distinctly smaller spores, typically measuring 5 to 6 by 3.5 to 4.2 μm. G. pseudofulgens, also collected in Italy, shows two major morphological differences: it produces smaller mushrooms, and spores that are of a different shape with smaller warts. G. decipiens, another species that grows on sandy soil, again has spores that are markedly different. The American species G. arenicola also favours sandy soil, but has significantly smaller spores than G. maritimus. Two other species of Gymnopilus found around the Mediterranean are G. corsicus and G. spadiceus. G. corsicus has no veil remnants on the stem, and spores that do not turn red in Melzer’s reagent or Lugol’s iodine, and so can easily be differentiated from G. maritimus. G. spadiceus shows several similarities to G. maritimus, but grows only on pine wood and has rectangular spores.

Gymnopils maritimus is clearly a different species from other members of its clade, despite their close relation. All other species in the clade grow upon dead wood and have well-developed rings on their stems. The spores also differ; in the case of G. junonius and G. spectabilis (often considered synonymous), as well as G. pampeanus, they are narrower, and in the case of G. imperialis, they are wider. Of the other members of the clade, only G. junonius and G. spectabilis also grow in Europe.

Gymnopilus maritimus is known only from a single site in Pittulongu, an area of Olbia, in Sardinia, Italy, which is the type locality. There, mushrooms were found growing in close groups and tufts on coastal sand dunes around 10 metres (33 ft) from the high tide line. They were observed at the base of live Juncus maritimus (sea rush) plants, growing on sandy soil or decaying plants, where they were feeding as saprotrophs. As such, it is possible that the species would be able to grow on other substrates. They were observed growing from autumn to winter, between the end of October and January. In addition to the collections in Sardinia cell phone in bag, Contu and Vizzini speculate that reports of G. fulgens growing in “sand-dune heaths” on Great Britain, an unusual habitat for that species, may in fact show the presence of G. maritimus on the island.

Gus W. Weiss

Gus W. Weiss was a White House policy adviser on technology, intelligence and economic affair and worked primarily on national security, intelligence and concerns on technology transfer to communist countries.

Weiss graduated from Vanderbilt University in Nashville. He received his MBA from Harvard University and taught at NYU where he also received a PhD in economics.

Weiss was also one of the people that worked on the Farewell Dossier. The USSR collected western computer & scientific technology through espionage and used it on its national defense. One of the KGB defectors, Vetrov, submitted documents collected by the KGB and the potential targets to the French ways to tenderise meat. French President Mitterrand then shared them with the US President Reagan. Mr. Weiss suggested that the US export whatever was on the potential targets list to the USSR, but that these items be modified, meaning sourced from the CIA, the Defense Department and the FBI. The products would look genuine, but once the USSR started operating them t shirt football maker. One successful notable result was a massive fire in a European pipeline that could be seen from space.

Weiss died on November 25, 2003 under what the UK newspaper The Independent has characterized as “mysterious circumstances”. His body was found on the walk beneath his upstairs apartment in the Watergate building in Washington, DC. The local medical examiner ruled his death a suicide, according to The Washington Post. The Post obituary, which came twelve days after the fact, was the first local report that Weiss had died. It gave no reason for the suicide determination. The Post published its Weiss obituary six days after his hometown newspaper, the Nashville Tennesseean, had reported his death. The Tennesseean did not know the cause of death. He was 72 years old. It has been alleged that his fervent opposition to the Iraq war may have played a part in his death.

Feliksas Kriaučiūnas

Feliksas Kriaučiūnas (Americanized his name as Phil Krause; born August 18, 1911 – October 28, 1977) was a Lithuanian American basketball player and coach. He won two gold medals with Lithuania national basketball team and silver medal with Lithuania women’s national basketball team.

Feliksas studied and played for University of Notre Dame team, along with his brother Moose Krause. Later he moved to DePaul University and played for their university team. In 1935, along with other Lithuanian Americans cheap footy shirts, he started teaching Lithuanians how to play basketball

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. He was Lithuania national basketball team player-coach and team captain during EuroBasket 1937 and EuroBasket 1939. As soon as World War II begun in 1939, Kriaučiūnas and his brother traveled back to the United States. Kriaučiūnas played a total of 19 games, scoring 65 points. He also was the head coach of Lithuania women’s national basketball team during the first ever women’s EuroBasket in 1938 where Lithuania won silver medals. He also firmly contributed in developing nowadays basketball in Lithuania.

David Arkenstone

David Arkenstone (Chicago, Illinois; 1 de julio de 1952) es un compositor e intérprete estadounidense de new age reusable drink bottles. Su música es principalmente instrumental, con vocalizaciones ocasionales. Ha escrito música para videojuegos, como World of Warcraft, y para la televisión, incluyendo el Derby de Kentucky de la NBC y la próxima serie Premier League Soccer. Obtuvo tres nominaciones al Grammy por su trabajo. Su música ha sido descrita como «bandas sonoras para la imaginación».

Después de mudarse a California desde su ciudad natal de Chicago a los 10 años, Arkenstone se sumergió en la música. Pasó la escuela secundaria y la universidad tocando teclados y guitarra en una variedad de bandas y grupos de rendimiento, viajó por todo el país tocando música popular. Cuando descubrió los arreglos exuberantes y el enfoque exótico de Kitaro, Arkenstone incursionó en la llamada música new age y comenzó a trabajar en el desarrollo de su propio sonido único. La creciente sinergia entre instrumentos musicales y la tecnología informática también lo inspiró, y cuando los dos finalmente podían comunicarse entre sí, Arkenstone supo que su momento había llegado. El uso de los ordenadores, ahora podía oír mucho de lo que podía imaginar. La mayoría de sus obras son creadas en parte o en su totalidad en su computadora Macintosh, junto con sintetizadores ice shaver, guitarras y otros instrumentos. Combinando el rock, World Music y elementos cinematográficos en su sonido único del New Age, Arkenstone ha compuesto muchos álbumes, con tan destacado trabajo como In the Wake of the Wind, 1992 y The Celtic Book of Days, 1998. También ha contribuido música original a películas y documentales de televisión, algo suficientemente apropiado ya que su música a menudo actúa como una banda sonora. Arkenstone ha sido influenciado por escritores como J. R. R. Tolkien e Ian Fleming, y creció escuchando a bandas como Emerson, Lake & Palmer clothes depiller, Yes y Deep Purple, también piezas de música clásica.

Aprendió a tocar una variedad de instrumentos remington shaver india, entre ellos el buzuki, mandolina, guitarra, bajo, arpa, cello, flauta, piano eléctrico, piano, saz turco, tin whistle, flauta irlandesa, melódica y flauta de pan. También toca la batería y percusión, e hizo algunas voces en sus álbumes.

Odet (Fluss)

Der Odet bei aufkommender Flut

Der Odet ist ein Fluss in Frankreich waterproof pouch for phone, der im Département Finistère, in der Region Bretagne, verläuft. Er entspringt in den Montagnes Noires (deutsch: Schwarze Berge), im Gemeindegebiet von Saint-Goazec. Der Odet entwässert generell Richtung Südwest, durchquert die Schlucht von Stangala und mündet nach 62 Kilometern bei Bénodet (bretonisch: Ben für Mündung, also Mündung des Odet) in einem breiten Trichter in den Atlantik lemon squeez.

Das Einzugsgebiet des Flusses entspricht dem Pays Glazig in der Landschaft Cornouaille. Sein Wildwassercharakter erzeugt – wie die meisten bretonischen Wasserläufe – im Herbst und Winter Überschwemmungen, deren Wirkung die Urbanisierung und die Versiegelung der Böden, sowie das Einebnen von landwirtschaftlich genutzten Böden (Zerstörung der Böschung seit den 1960er Jahren) verstärkt.

Nach dem Odet ist – neben Bénodet – auch die Gemeinde Briec-de-l’Odet benannt, und war es während der Französischen Revolution auch die Stadt Quimper, die damals noch Montagne-sur-Odet hieß.

Die 20 Kilometer lange Trichtermündung des Odet, bildet oberhalb von Bénodet eine bewaldete Schlucht

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, die als Touristenattraktion bei Flut mit Schiffen befahren werden kann. Die Schifffahrt ist bis Quimper möglich. Unterhalb von Quimper wurde für kleinere Schiffe ein Handelshafen (Port de Corniguel) mit 500 Metern Kailänge erbaut.

Supraglacial lake

A supraglacial lake is any pond of liquid water on the top of a glacier. Although these pools are ephemeral, they may reach kilometers in diameter and be several meters deep. They may last for months or even decades at a time, but can empty in the course of hours.

Lakes may be created by surface melting during summer months, or over the period of years by rainfall, such as monsoons. They may dissipate by overflowing their banks, or creating a moulin.

Lakes of a diameter greater than ~300 m are capable of driving a fluid-filled crevasse to the glacier/bed interface, through the process of hydrofracture. A surface-to-bed connection made in this way is referred to as a moulin. When these crevasses form, it can take a mere 2–18 hours to empty a lake, supplying warm water to the base of the glacier – lubricating the bed and causing the glacier to surge. The rate of emptying such a lake is equivalent to the rate of flow of the Niagara Falls. Such crevasses, when forming on ice shelves, may penetrate to the underlying ocean and contribute to the breakup of the ice shelf.

Supraglacial lakes also have a warming effect on the glaciers; having a lower albedo than ice, the water absorbs more of the sun’s energy, causing warming and (potentially) further melting.

Supraglacial lakes can occur in all glaciated areas.

The retreating glaciers of the Himalaya produce vast and long lived lakes, many kilometres in diameter and scores of metres deep. These may be bounded by moraines dry case waterproof cell phone case; some are deep enough to be density stratified. Most have been growing since the 1950s; the glaciers have been retreating constantly since then.

A proliferation of supraglacial lakes preceded the collapse of the Antarctic Larsen B ice shelf in 2001,[citation needed] and may have been connected.[citation needed]

Such lakes are also prominent in Greenland, where they have recently been understood to contribute somewhat to ice movement.

Sedimentary particles often accumulate in supraglacial lakes; they are washed in by the meltwater or rainwater that supplies the lakes. The character of the sediment depends upon this water source, as well as the proximity of a sampled area to both the edge of the glacier and the edge of the lake. The amount of debris atop the glacier also has a large effect. Naturally, long lived lakes have a different sedimentary record to shorter lived pools.

Sediments are dominated by coarser (coarse sand/gravel) fragments, and the accumulation rate can be immense: up to 1 metre per year near the shores of larger lakes.

Upon melting of the glacier running pouch for phone, deposits may be preserved as superglacial till (alias supraglacial moraine).

It was once unclear whether global warming is increasing the abundance of supraglacial lakes on the Greenland Ice Sheet. However, recent research has shown that supraglacial lakes have been forming in new areas. In fact, satellite photos show that since the 1970s, when satellite measurements began, supraglacial lakes have been forming at steadily higher elevations on the ice sheet as warmer air temperatures have caused melting to occur at steadily higher elevations. However, satellite imagery and remote sensing data also reveal that high-elevation lakes rarely form new moulins there. Thus, the role of supraglacial lakes in the basal hydrology of the ice sheet is unlikely to change in the near future: they will continue to bring water to the bed by forming moulins within a few tens of kilometers of the coast.

Climate change is having a more severe effect on supraglacial lakes on mountain glaciers. In the Himalaya, many glaciers are covered by a thick layer of rocks, dirt, and other debris; this debris layer insulates the ice from the warmth of the sun, allowing more ice to stay solid when air temperatures rise above the melting point. Water collecting on the ice surface has the opposite effect, due to its high albedo as described in a previous section. Thus, more supraglacial lakes lead to a vicious cycle of more melting and more supraglacial lakes. A good example is the Ngozumpa glacier, the longest glacier in the Himalayas, which counts numerous supraglacial lakes.

The drainage of supraglacial lakes on mountain glaciers can disrupt the internal plumbing structure of the glacier. Natural events such as landslides or the slow melting of a frozen moraine can incite drainage of a supraglacial lake, creating a glacial lake outburst flood. In such a flood, the lake water releases rushes down a valley little boy football uniforms. These events are sudden and catastrophic and thus provide little warning to people who live downstream, in the path of the water. In Himalayan regions, villages cluster around water sources, such as proglacial streams; these streams are the same pathways the glacial lake outburst floods travel down.